Term applied to art in which the process of its making is not hidden but remains a prominent aspect of the completed work so that a part or even the whole of its subject is the making of the work. Process became a widespread preoccupation of artists in the late 1960s and the 1970s, but like so much else can be tracked back to the Abstract Expressionist paintings of Jackson Pollock....
Process art movementProcess art has been entitled as a creative movement in the US and Europe in the mid-1960s. It has roots in the drip paintings of Jackson Pollock, and in its employment of serendipity has a marked correspondence withDada. Change and transience are marked themes in the process art movement. The Guggenheim Museum states that Robert Morris in 1968 had a groundbreaking exhibition and essay defining the movement and the Museum Website states:
Process artists were involved in issues attendant to the body, random occurrences, improvisation, and the liberating qualities of nontraditional materials such as wax, felt, and latex. Using these, they created eccentric forms in erratic or irregular arrangements produced by actions such as cutting, hanging, and dropping, or organic processes such as growth, condensation, freezing, or decomposition. 
The ephemeral nature and insubstantiality of materials was often showcased and highlighted.
The Process art movement and the environmental art movement are directly related:
Process artists engage the primacy of organic systems, using perishable, insubstantial, and transitory materials such as dead rabbits, steam, fat, ice, cereal, sawdust, and grass. The materials are often left exposed to natural forces: gravity, time, weather, temperature, etc. 
Form of art prevalent in the mid-1960s and 1970s in which the process of a work's creation is presented as its subject. The term is of broad reference, encompassing in particular aspects of Minimalism, Post-Minimalism and performance art, but in its narrowest sense it refers primarily to the work of American sculptors such as Richard Serra, Robert Morris (ii), Barry Le Va (b 1941), Keith Sonnier (b 1941) and Eva Hesse. The seeds of process art were in action painting: the drip paintings of Jackson Pollock, for example, clearly conveyed to the viewer the creative process that lay behind them, further emphasized by the publication of numerous photographs and films showing Pollock at work.
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Process Art - The History
The exact origin of Process Art is considered to be somewhere around mid-1960s. Considering the human inquisitive disposition, it can be said that it originated around the time when the world was trying to understand the reasons behind their acts during and post the world wars. Process Art began in the Americas and Europe, spreading soon to the rest of the world. The Drip Paintings of the American painter Jackson Pollock (1912-56) are often credited with its onset.
Process Art is a revolutionary movement where creativity is the focus, rather than the form of art, such as paintings, sculpture, and pottery. It is concerned with the process going into forming an artwork. It is more of a ritual, a realization of performance, and the sense of pride. Process Art treats creativity as a beautiful journey and not as a means of obtaining a product in the form of a work of art. The most sought after themes in Process Art are change and transience, which are a driving force of life. Process Art involves improvisation, adaptability, change, and liberation. Use of materials, like wax, felt, and latex are more common than paint and colors, which emphasizes its ephemeral nature. In fact, it aims to laude nature and not represent the various forms of nature, which are often subject of the other art forms.
Process artists often prefer anonymity to popularity. But, the fame achieved by great artists is always when they expected it the least. American sculptor Lynda Benglis (born 1941), British-Sri Lankan artist Chris Drury (born 1948), German-American sculptor Eva Hesse (1936-70), and American artist Bruce Nauman (born 1941) are often considered as the leaders of this art form. However, artists like Robert Morris (American - born 1931), Christopher Le Tyrell, and Alan Scarritt have also made a mark for themselves in the genre. Their masterly use of cutting, hanging, dropping, and other organic processes used to bring out the essence of Process Art.
The Art Works
Process artists accomplish their artwork by the use of perishable and transitory materials, such as dead rabbits, steam, fat, ice, cereal, sawdust, and grass. Its forms of shamanic and religious rituals, sand painting, sun dance, and other cultural forms are well known. However, the most famous Process artwork is the construction of a Vajrayana Buddhist Sand Mandala of the Medicine Buddha by the monks of Namgyal Monastery in Ithaca (2001), New York.
Annette Labedzki received her BFA at the Emily Carr College of Art and Design in Vancouver, B.C. Canada. She has more than 25 years experience. She is the founder and developer of an online art gallery featuring original art from all over the world. Please visit the website at http://www.Labedzki-Art.com It is a great site for art collectors to buy original art. Artists can join for free and their image upload is unlimited.
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